Words derived from the Greek language

Published: Thursday, 16 March 2017

  The  categories  of the international words below are identified according to their grammatical context (parts of speech) or some other characteristics mostly associated with their meaning.

  However, we could also categorize these words taking under consideration that they are known to us either by the fact that they are derived from Greek or because they are in widespread use mostly known from  TV, radio, computer or they are loan words.

 

i. Words derived from the Greek  language

 

A B C

academy

acoustic

acrobat

acropolis

aero plane

air

allergy

alphabet

amphibian

amphitheatre

anatomy

analogy

analysis

angel

anthology

antonym

apology

archeology

architect

astrology

astronomy

athlete

atlas

atmosphere

autobiography

automatic

bibliography

biology

catalogue

category

catholic

ceramic

chaos

character

climate

climax

clinic

comedy

comma

cosmos

crisis

crystal

cycle

 

D E F

democracy

dermatologist

diagnosis

dialogue

dolphin

dragon

drama

dynamic

dynamite

dynasty

echo

ecology

economy

electric

electrician

elephant

energy

enigma

enthusiasm

epilogue

episode

epoch

ethnic

etymology

Europe

exodus

exotic

fantasy

G H I

galaxy

geography

geology

geometry

grammar

grammatical

graphic

graphic

gymnasium

gymnastics

 

harmony

hero

hippopotamus

History

homonym

horizon

hypocrisy

hysteria

icon

idea

idiom

idol

ironic

K L M

kilo

kilogram

kilometer

logic

lyric

magic

magnet

marathon

mathematics

mechanic

melody

metallic

meteorite

metropolis

micro

microphone

monopoly

museum

music

musical

myopia

mysterious

myth

mythology

 

N O P

nectar

Neolithic

ocean

octopus

Olympic

orchestra

organ

organic

organism

organization

orthodoxy

orthopedic

oxygen

palm

panic

paradise

paragraph

parallel

parallel

period

pharmacy

phenomenon

philology

philosophy

photo

photograph

physics

physiotherapy

planet

politician

politics

practical

practical

problem

program

psychology

pyramid

R S  T

 rhythm

 school

stadium

star

static

static

stomach

story

symbol

symmetry

sympathy

symphony

synonym

synthesis

system

talent

technology

telegram

telegraph

telepathy

telephone

telescope

theatre

theme

theology

theory

therapy

thermometer

titanic

tone

topography

toxic

tragedy

tropic

typography

tyranny

U X Z
utopia xylophone zoology

? Words in widespread use or loan words

 

A B C

accordion

Africa

alcohol

algebra

America

angry

apologize

application

Asia

aspirin

baby

bacon

badminton

balcony

ball

balloon

bamboo

banana

bank

bar

barman

baseball

basis

basket

basketball

battery

beer

bird

biscuit

block

blue

bomb

bowl

bowling

break

breakfast

broccoli

buffalo

bullying

bunny

business

cake

calm

camel

camera

camping

canary

cannon

captain

caramel

caravan

card

carnival

carrot

cars

cartoon

castle

castor

cd player

champion

channel

cheetah

chef

chimpanzee

chips

chocolate

Christmas

cinema

classic

clown

club

coach

coca cola

code

coffee

cola

comic

complex

computer

concept

control

cool

copy

corn flakes

corner

cost

costume

cream

cricket

crocodile

croissant

 

D E F

daddy

decor

diamond

dictator

diet

dinosaur

diploma

diplomacy

diplomatic

disc

dollar

domino

doughnuts

download

drums

DVD

e mail

elite

euro

extra

extreme

famous

fanatic

farm

fast food

fax

feet

ferry boat

festival

film

flash

follow

football

foul

freak

free

fresh

frozen

fruit

full

G H I

gallery

gallop

games

garage

gentleman

glitter

goal

golf

gorilla

grey

grill

group

guitar

hall

hamburger

happy

harmony

helicopter

hippo

hobby

hockey

hospital

hot dog

hotel

humour

 

i phone

igloo

Indian

internet

ironman

 

J K L

jacket

jeans

jeep

jelly

jogging

judo

kangaroo

karaoke

karate

ketchup

koala

lamp

laptop

lava

lemon

leopard

life

like

lion

lip-gloss

look

love

M N O

make up

manager

mandarin

marketing

massage

match

Maths

mayonnaise

mixer

modern

muffins

mummy

mustard

news

note

offside

OK

online

opera

 

P Q R

packet

pajamas

panda

park

parking

party

penalty

penguin

piano

picnic

pirate

pizza

plan

plastic

play station

police

pop

pop corn

poster

potato

project

puzzle

quiz

raccoon

radio

referee

reporter

restaurant

risk

robot

rock

romantic

S T U

sack

salad

sandwich

saxophone

scanner

score

search

selfie

shampoo

shopping

show

site

ski

snack

soda

sorry

soup

souvenir

spaghetti

special

spider

sport

station

stock

stop

stress

studio

style

super

supermarket

surfing

 

T- shirt

tablet

taboo

tank

tattoo

taxi

tennis

test

tiger

time out

toast

toilet

tomato

tourist

toys

train

trick

trolley

trombone

trumpet

tsunami

turbo

TV

 

umbrella

upload

 V W Y
 

vanilla

video

vintage

violin

visa

volleyball

water polo

 

WC

wheels

whisky

 

yippee

yoghurt

yoyo

Z    
zebra    

 

For someone who would like to know the phonetic transcription- pron0unciation of the (Greek) root words,  it would be interesting to have  a  to look at the following chart.

The () sign indicates the stressed syllable.

The  ( ð) is pronounced as in the word “the”

 

 

The English words          Their phonetic transcription

        A                              A (alfa)  
                                          

academy                          /akaðimía/  

acoustic                          /akoustikós/

acrobat                           /akrovátis/

acropolis                         /akropólis/

aero plane                      /aeropláno/

air                                 /aéras/

allergy                           /alleryía/

alphabet                        /alfávitos/

amphibian                      /amfívios/

amphitheatre                  /amfithéatro/

anatomy                        /anatomía/

analogy                          /analoyía/

analysis                          /análisi/     

angel                             / ágelos/

anthology                       /antholoyía/

antonym                        /adonimía/

apology                         /apoloyía/

archeology                     /archeoloyía/

architect                        /architéktonas/

astrology                        /astroloyía/

astronomy                      /astronomía/

athlete                          /athlitís/

atlas                              /átlas/ or /átladas/

atmosphere                    /atmósfera/

autobiography                 /aftoviografía/

automatic                       /aftómatos/

 

 

     B                                B (víta)                             

bibliography                    /vivliografía/                                

biology                          /violoyía/                                         

 

 

 

 

      C                     C (not such a letter in Greek)

catalogue                      /katálogos/

category                       /kathgoría/

catholic                         /katholikós/

ceramic                         /keramikós/

chaos                            /háos/

character                       /haraktiras/

climate                          /klíma/

climax                            /klímaka/

clinic                              /klinikí/

comedy                         /komoðía/

comma                          /kómma/

cosmos                          /kósmos/

crisis                              /krísi/

crystal                           /krístalo/

cycle                             /kíklos/

 

  

 

       D                D (not such a letter in Greek)

democracy                      /ðimokratía/

dermatologist                  /ðermatológos/

diagnosis                        /ðiágnosi/

dialogue                         /ðiágnosi/

dolphin                          /ðelfíni/

dragon                          /ðrákos/

drama                           /ðráma/

dynamic                        /ðinamikós/

dynamite                      /ðinamítis/

dynasty                        /ðinastía/

 

 E                            E (épsilon)

echo                            /ihó/                    

ecology                        /ikología/

economy                      /ikonomía/

electric                         /ilektrikós/

electrician                     /ilekrológos/

elephant                       /eléfantas/

energy                          /enérgia/

enigma                          /énigma/

enthusiasm                     /enthousiasmós/

epilogue                         /epílogos/

episode                          /episóðio/

epoch                            /epohí/

ethnic                            /ethnikós/

etymology                      /etimología/

Europe                          /Evrópi/

exodus                          /éxoðos/

exotic                           /exotikós/

 

 

 

     F                   F  (not such a letter in Greek)

fantasy                           /fadasía/

 

 

G                  G (not such a letter in Greek)

galaxy                             /galaxías/

geography                       /yeografía/

geology                           /yeoloyía/

geometry                        /yeometría/

grammar                          /grammatikí/

grammatical                      /grammatikós/

graphic                             /grafikós/

gymnasium                        /yimnásio/

gymnastics                        /yimnastikí/

 

 

 

 H                                   H  (íta)

harmony                          /armonía/

hero                               /íroas/

hippopotamus                  /ippopótamos/

History                            /Istoría/

homonym                        /omónimo/

horizon                           /orízodas/

hypocrisy                        /ipokrisía/

hysteria                          /istería/

 

    I                          I (yiota)

icon                              /ikóna/

idea                              /iðéa/

idiom                            /iðíoma/

idol                              /íðolo/

ironic                            /ironikós/

 

 

 

K                             K (kápa)

kilo                              /kiló/

kilogram                        /hiliogrammário/

kilometer                       /hiliómetro/

 

 

 L                      L (not such e letter in Greek)

logic                             /loyikós/

lyric                             /lirikós/

 

 

 

M                                 M (mi)
magic                              /mayikós/

magnet                           /magnítis/

marathon                        /marathónios/

mathematics                    /mathimatiká/

mechanic                        /mihanikós/

melody                           /meloðía/

metallic                          /metallikós/

meteorite                       /meteorítis/ 

metropolis                      /mitrópolis/

micro                             /mikró/

microphone                    /mikrófono/

monopoly                       /monópoli/

museum                         /mousío/

music                             /mousikí/

musical                           /mousikós/

myopia                           /miopía/

mysterious                      /mistírios/

myth                             /míthos/

mythology                      /mithología/

 

 

    N                                N (ni)

nectar                           /néktar/

Neolithic                        /Neolithikós/

 

O                                   O (ómikron)

ocean                             /okeanós/

octopus                          /(o)htapóði/

Olympic                          /olibiakós/

orchestra                        /orhístra/

organ                             /órgano/

organic                           /organikós/

organism                         /organismós/

organization                     /organismós/

orthodoxy                       /ortodoxía/

orthopedic                      /orthopeðikós/

oxygen                           /oxigóno/

 

    P                          P ( ro - this letter in Greek stands for the sound "r")

palm                              /palámi/

panic                             /panikós/

paradise                         /paráðisos/

paragraph                      /parágrafos/

parallel                           /parállilos/

period                            /períoðos/

pharmacy                       /farmakío/           

phenomenon                  /fenómeno

philology                        /filología/

philosophy                      /filosophía/

photograph                    /fotografía/

physics                          /fisikí/

physiotherapy                 /fisiotherapía/

planet                            /planítis/

politician                         /politikós/

politics                           /politikí/

practical                         /praktikós/

problem                         /próvlima/

program                         /prógramma/

psychology                      /psihología/

pyramid                          /piramíða/

 

R                           R (not such a letter in Greek)

rhythm                           /rithmós/ 

 

 S                           S (sigma-it's only found at the end of the words)

school                           /sholío/                             

stadium                         /stáðio/

star                              /astéri/

static                           /statikós/

stomach                       /stomáhi/

story                            /istoría/

symbol                          /símvolo/

symmetry                      /simmetría/

sympathy                       /sibáthia/

symphony                      /simfonía/

synonym                        /sinonimos/

synthesis                       /sínthesi/

system                          /sístima/

 

 

T                                  T (taf)

talent                            /talédo/

technology                     /tehnología/

telegram                        /tilegráfima/

telegraph                        /tilégrafos/

telepathy                        /tilepáthia/

telephone                        /tiléfono/

telescope                        /tilescópio/

theatre                           /théatro/

theme                            /théma/

theology                         /theologia/

theory                            /theoría/

therapy                          /therapía/

thermometer                  /thermómetro/

titanic                            /titanikós/

tone                              /tónos/

topography                    /topografía/

toxic                             /toxikós/

tragedy                         /tragoðía/

tropic                           /tropikós/

typography                    /tipografía/

 tyranny                        /tirannía/

 

 

 

U                             U (not such a Greek letter)

utopia                           /οutopía/

 

 

 

X                     X (hi- this letter in Greek stands for the sound "h")

xylophone                     /xilóphono/                     

 

 

 Z                                      Z (zeta)

Zoology                         /zo-oloyia/